A UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) camp at Amalla, north of Tel Afar, was ready to receive more than 3,000 displaced families, the United Nations said last week, adding that the majority of the displaced are from Mosul district, and a lot of them, nearly 98 percent of the displaced, are now residing within the Ninewa governorate. Residents also face severe shortages of electricity and food.
About 1.5 million people remain in the city despite fighting the past six weeks. With the upcoming winter poor families will find difficulties to feed themselves as prices of food and other necessary items are rising constantly.
Last week, Peter Maurer, president of the Red Cross, told RT that in today's conflicts, civilians have become the "foremost victims" and "it is more secure to be soldier than civilian".
Deputy UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Kate Gilmore said on Wednesday there were reports that Islamic State - which has killed residents it suspects of collaborating with the army - shot dead 27 civilians in public in Mosul's Muhandiseen Park last week.
Aid agencies said Islamic State militants had set fire to at least 19 oil wells in the Qayarrah district, south of Mosul, as they were forced to retreat by Iraqi forces.
Iraqi commanders said around 40 percent of the eastern half of Mosul has been retaken from ISIL since the huge offensive began on October 17.
Iraqi forces, Kurdish peshmerga fighters and Popular Mobilisation Forces backed by an global coalition are participating in the operation, which is facing serious resistance from Daesh.
In recent months, Iraq, backed by a US-led air alliance, has stepped up efforts to dislodge Islamic State from territory that the extremist militia seized in a lightning attack in 2014.
With the last supply route cut off, basic commodity prices in Mosul could double "in the short term", said a humanitarian worker, who declined to be identified.
A video has captured shocking images of starving children in the Isis-held city of Mosul - where hundreds of thousands are now without water.
Iraqi authorities are now trucking water from some 35 kilometers (nearly 22 miles) away into eastern Mosul, but it is not enough to meet the needs of residents, it added.
"The impact on children, women and families will be catastrophic", Grande said Wednesday.
At least 15 children have been killed by ISIL snipers over the past two days in the northern city of Mosul, according to an Iraqi army officer.
The break in the pipeline is located in an area still held by IS, making it impossible to fix quickly. Some residents "will take water from the Tigris", he said, referring to the river that divides the city.
Another resident of eastern Mosul told AFP that people in retaken areas of eastern Mosul were asking Iraqi forces for their supplies of bottled water.